Under the tide of automation, what is replaced by a machine is a professional white-collar worker? !
Issuing time:2019-01-21 00:00
On July 15th, "Iron Man" Musk said in a speech at the American Governors Association that automation technology will inevitably have a subversive impact on the job market. Because in the future robots will be able to do whatever humans do and do better than humans.
The attention of the heads of the US states is suddenly mobilized by Musk, because if so, the impact of automation on the job market will be more direct and far-reaching
than the low-priced goods imported from developing countries.The election ticket warehouse of the home.
Mark P. Mills, a professor at the Institute of Advanced Studies at Manhattan Institute and a professor at Northwestern University, recently published an article in the City Journal, saying that the future of automation technology to replace professional white-collar workers will be faster than expected.
Creative destruction is sweeping the city center.
The secret of automation technology is that it is easier to develop a robot to replace a junior lawyer than to replace a skilled electrician. This fact also helps explain why economists and politicians are deeply plagued by “creative destruction”, and not long ago, they also believed that this outweighed the disadvantages for society (Editor's Note: Innovation can be kept from within Innovating the economic structure, that is, constantly breaking the old order and structure, and constantly creating new structures, and then bringing economic growth, is called "creative destruction." They argue that technology and automation have increased productivity and created more jobs.
But in the era of automatic algorithms, they are less confident. This is not surprising:
Creative destruction did not sweep the factories and farms, but swept the city center and robbed the white-collar workers. Over the years, white-collar workers have been arguing over the “end of work”, but there is no doubt that the future that many people fear has come true.
Automation: the novelty of the surface, the deep revolution
The focus of most media attention is that manual labor is being gradually replaced – the real robots are doing things in front of people, far more intuitive than the invisible service “robots” on the cloud platform. But focusing on the humanoid robot that flipped the burger meat in a fast food restaurant, it was confusing. The real revolution took place elsewhere.
Not only that, automation does not explain the shrinking of heavy industry jobs: manufacturing investment in information technology has been very low for the past decade. As a key indicator of automation and the ultimate goal of productivity, there has not been a significant increase. Manufacturers are actually under-invested in technology.
But Silicon Valley has been committed to creating revolutionary software for the mall, Hollywood, hotels, delivery, newspapers, television, finance and even the education industry. Some algorithmic software on the market now teaches elementary mathematics, which is better than the human being who graduated from education. A large number of documents currently reviewed by bureaucrats and regulators are also being processed by algorithms.
Professional wgite-collar workers who eat in this huge service industry market will be horrified to find that they have nowhere to go in the workplace.
Automated industry penetration is on the rise
Looking further into the long-term,you will find that automation has overturned the industrial structure, far more than this: nearly two hundred "unicorn" companies - such as Uber, have a valuation of more than $1 billion, and venture capital is eagerly awaiting 90% of startups - in the service industry.
There is such a clear "preference" in the industry, not without reason. The software on the supercomputer can perform information processing tasks that were unimaginable in the past at a low cost on the cloud platform, from reading X-rays to managing passive funds. But once the engineering design and hardware integration are involved, the challenge will be magnified and the complexity will be multiplied. A negligible failure, perhaps caused by the video software, is the card that is played, but it happens on the machine's operating system, which can have unintended consequences.
The concept of unmanned vehicles is hyped, and there is still much work to be done to achieve viable sensors, brakes, and power systems to ensure safety and safety. According to a report by Goldman Sachs, the automotive industry is still a highly automated manufacturing industry; in other industries, the progress of automation applications is less than 20%-30%.
One day, in the "production materials", there will be a network revolution. Nowadays, we are undergoing eath-shaking changes,we may call it 'management materials.'The effect of change,when learning form history-economic growth has been greatly improved, more jobs are created - but the social pains in this process are bound to affect professional white-collar and corporate management. The blue-collar workers who were unemployed under the wave of the information age had protested on the streets and their voices were high; this time, faced with the wave of automation, it was the turn of professional white-collar workers to mourn.